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10月
23 2009
 

Chapter 3(复习)


   作者:张丽敏 发表时间-17 :59:26  阅读( 1170 )| 评论( 5 )

      Chapter 3(复习)


1.      Serve---service


2.      argue—argument


3.      tour---tuorist


4.      miss—missing


5.      report—reporter


6.      thief---thieves


7.      weight---weighty


8.      train---trainer


9.      rob—robber---robbery


10.  cover—discover


一、短语(词组):


1. deal with = do with            处理;解决;应付


2. something strange         怪事;陌生的事情      不定代词 + 形容词


3. sth. happen to sb.          某事发生在某人身上


   An exciting thing happened to Paul yesterday.


4. wait for …        等候;等待     get on / off    上,下(车,船)


5. see sb. doing sth.                   看见某人正在做某事


6. two women tourists                   两个女游客


7. argue with sb.     与某人争论       argue about sth.    争论某事


8. show sth. to sb. = show sb. sth.      把…给某人看


   The man showed his bag to the women.=The man showed the women his bag.


9.  stare at sb. = look at sb. with great interest       盯者某人看


10. go up      走上前       talk to sb.    和某人谈话


11. start doing sth.= begin doing sth.  开始做某事


12. pick ...up        捡起;拾起      


 pick the book up = pick up the book


13. be afraid of …         害怕     well done     干得好


14. hurry … = go ...in a hurry         匆忙走去...


15. on the other side of the river      在河对岸


16. be in handcuffs     带着手铐        


follow = go after     跟从;跟随


17. hold out = take out      取走;拿走


The man held out a bag. = The man took out a bag.


18. steal sth. from sb.     从某人偷走某物 或 偷走某人的事物。


      The thief stole the purse from that woman.


    = The thief stole that woman’s purse.


19. run away   逃跑      in time     及时     take a ferry   乘坐渡船


20. turn ... on  打开(电器、煤气、自来水等)


 turn ... off 关闭(电器、煤气、自来水等)


  Please turn on the light. = Please turn the light on.


  She turned off the radio. = She turned the radio off.


21. go shopping = do some shopping     购物(买东西)


三、句型、结构:


1、see sb. doing sth.看见某人正在做某事;


强调“看见”和“做某事”同时发生,表示动作正在发生,没有结束。


   I saw many people swimming in the sea.   我看见很多人正在海里游泳。


2、see sb. do sth.  看见某人做了某事,表示动作已经发生过,


全过程已经结束。


   I often see the old man walk in the park. 


我经常看见那个老人在公园里散步。


3.  Tell sb. ( not )to do sth. 告诉/吩咐某人(不要)做某事


   The teacher told me to open the door.   


Parents tell us not to go out at night.


4.  Give sth. to sb. = give sb. sth.       给某人某物


   I gave Tom the bike. = I gave the bike to Tom.


5.  be busy doing sth.  忙于做某事    


6. be busy with sth. “忙于某事”或“在某方面很忙


The girl is busy playing the violin now.  


 She is busy with her homework now.


6.Do with 与 deal with 的用法:


Do with 表示“处理;处置”,相当于 deal with


do with 常与 what 搭配,而 deal with 常与 how 连用.   如:


What do you do with the bag? = How do you deal with the bag?


7. happen 的用法:


  ①. sth happen to sb. 意为“某人出了某事(常指不好的事发生在某人身上)”


A car accident happened to him yesterday.  昨天他发生了交通事故


What happened to you?   你怎么了?


②. sb. Happen to do sth.  意为“某人碰巧做了某事”。例如:


I happened to meet her in the street.  我碰巧在街上遇见了她。


③. 在表示“你怎么了?”时,常见的表达方式有:


What happened to you?     What’s wrong with you?


What’s up with you?    What’s your trouble?   


What’s the matter with you?


8. Find 的用法及其主要句型:


   ①. find it + 形容词 + to do sth. “发现做某事 ……” 例:


       I find it very interesting to read the English stories.


我发现看英语故事很有趣。


       We find it very important to learn English well.


我们发现学好英语很重要。


②. find sb. + 名词  “发现某人……”  例:


 The old man found him an excellent student.


这老人发现他(是)一个优秀的学生。


    The mother finds her son a good singer.


那个母亲发现她的儿子是个好歌手。


③. find sb. doing sth.  “发现某人正在做某事”   例:


    I find her singing in the room, and that a lot of boys are listening.


9.  give sb. sth. = give sth. to sb. 给某人某物   例:


    My brother gave me a present. = My brother gave a present to me.


10.It’s  adj. for sb. to do sth. 对某人来说,做某事是 …


It’s very important for us to learn English well.


对我们来说,学好英语是很重要的。


It’s bad for our eyes to watch TV too long.


看电视太长时间对我们的眼睛是有害的。


11. no + 名词 = notany / a ( an )名词   没有


She has no brothers. = She doesn’t have any brothers.


There is no apple on the tree.
    = There isn’t an apple on the tree.


There is no milk in the cup.
     = There isn’t any milk in the cup.


12. had better ( not ) do sth.  最好(不)做某事


Children had better not play games on the road.


小孩最好不要在马路上玩耍。


Students had better listen carefully in class.


在课堂上学生最好认真听课。


四、重要句子同义句):


1.  The bag was empty. = There was nothing in the bag.


2.  Everyone stared at the three people.


    = Everyone looked at the three people with great interest.


3.  Then I found my purse missing.
    = Then I found my purse was not there.


    = Then I couldn’t find my purse.


4.  How heavy are you? = What''s your weight?


5. What do you do with the bag? = How do you deal with the bag?


6. The boy picked the book up. = The boy picked up the book.


7  The thief stole the purse from that woman.


    = The thief stole that woman’s purse.


 


五、语法:一般过去时


1.一般过去时表示在过去时间发生的动作或存在的状态,也可表示过去经常发生的动作或存在


的状态。


一般过去时中的助动词是did。因此,在构成否定、疑问及简单回答时,都需要助动词did。


2. 标志(时间):


1.Yesterday,yesterday morning (afternoon, evening…)


2. the day before yesterday.


3.last night   (week, month, year…)


4. 3.two days ago,    a week ago,     three years ago…


5. 4.in 1990,  (in 1998…)


6. 5.At that time ,then ,just now,this morning


7. 6.Once,once upon  a time


8..对这些时间提问用when


1). Kate walked to school yesterday.


        否定句:     Kate didn’t walk to school yesterday.


一般问句:    Did Kate walk to school yesterday?


简答:       Yes, she did.    No, she didn’t.


        特殊问句:   When did Kate walk to school?


2). They played basketball yesterday afternoon.


    否定句: They didn’t play basketball yesterday afternoon.


    一般问句:    Did they play basketball yesterday afternoon?


    简答:       Yes, they did.    No, they didn’t.


特殊问句:   What did they do yesterday afternoon?


规则动词的过去式的构成规则:(-ed或-d)


1.look        looked


   play        played


   start        started               


   live         lived


   hope       hoped


   use          used


2.stop        stopped


   plan        planned


   trip        tripped


   dial        dialled


   rob         robbed


3.study         studied


  carry         carried


词尾–ed / -d 的读音规则(口诀):


清 [t] 浊 [d], 元音后面也发[d], [t] [d]后面发[id]:


talked [t]   planned [d]   played [d]  
wanted [id]   needed [id]


不规则动词表


am  is                was


are                   were


begin                 begun


break                 broke


bring                  brought


build                  built


buy                    bought


can                   could


catch                 caught


come                   came


do                     did


draw                   drew


drink                  drank


drive                  drove


eat                      ate


fall                     fell


 


巩固习题:


一、选择题:


(    )1. Where _____ John ______ last year ?    
      A. did/lives B. did/live  C. does/live    D. will/live 
(    )2. Jack ______ for his mother outside the house last night. A. waits.     B. waiting   C. waited     D. will wait 
(    )3. They ______ to a mew house last month. 
      A. moves      B. moving     C. has moved       D. moved
(    )4. He ______ a new pen yesterday.
      A. bought     B. buyed    C. buys      D. will buy
(    )5. Which grade ______ you in last year?
      A. was         B. were        C. are        D. be 
(    )6. We went to see a film last Saturday. Jack _____ beside me.
      A.sits           B.sats      C. sat      D. set


(    )7. Janet got on the ferry and would meet Jack ____of the river.


      A. on another side   B. on the other side C. on that side   D. on other side


(    )8. The door ___ and everyone started ____off the train.


      A. opened, getting  B. opened, get  C. was open, got D. opened, got


(    )9. It’s very dangerous for children ____ in the sea.


      A. swim    B. to swim     C. swimming     D. swam   


(    )10.The students are busy ____ for their English text.


      A. with one’s study B. study  C. to study  D. studying


(    )11.You’d better ____ in class.


      A. talk     B. not to talk  C. not talk  D. to not talk


(    )12.       do they do       the heavy box?


     A. What; with   B. How; for   C. How; with  D. What; for


(    )13. How did they        the traffic accident?


      A. do with  B. deal with    C. do it     D. deal about


(    )14. A: She looks so worried.  B: What happened    her, do you know?A. on    B. about        C. with    D. to


(    )15. They        the History Museum last week.


      A. visit  B. visited      C. visited   D. are visiting


(    )16. Mr Wang        us a talk last Monday.


A. not give  B. doesn’t give C. didn’t give  D. didn’t gave


(    )17. My parents tell me       in the night.


   A. to not go out   B. not go out   C. not to go out   D. not goes out


(    )18. We saw some children       in the river when we went to school yesterday.


 A. swims       B. swimming          C. swiming         D. to swim


(    )19. She finds        very hard    Chinese. A. it; learns   B. this; to learn C. that; learning  D. it; to learn


(    )20. Is there       in today’s newspaper?


      A. something interesting             B. interesting something


      C. anything interesting                  D. interesting anything


二、将下列句子变为否定句和一般问句(每空一词):


1、There is a lot of milk in the cup.       


 There                milk in the cup.


                         milk in the cup?    Yes ,          .


2、There are a lot of pears on the trees.     


There               pears on the trees.


                        pears on the trees


 No              .


3、The girl was born in 1986.              


  The girl              born in 1986.


                      born in 1986?         


Yes            .


4、Mary gets up at six in the morning.    


 Mary             up at six in the morning.


         Mary        up at six in the morning?     


 Yes            .


5、Tom does his homework at night.        


 Tom              his homework at night.


         Tom      his homework at night?  


No             .


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  • 评论

    在书城!!!
     
     张丽敏(zhangliming_011t)  2009-10-25 13:46:02   113.88.191.44

    张老师,在哪里买英语描红本?
     
     赵明阳  2009-10-25 13:24:41   110.43.24.238

    除了这个还有吗?
     
     钟文杰  2009-10-25 09:51:16   219.133.77.33

    初一(6和7班同学)复习园地。
    期中考试范围(Chapter One ,Chapter Two,Chapter Three)。
    期中考试即将到来,希望大家认真复习。
    祝你们考出好成绩!
     
     张丽敏(zhangliming_011t)  2009-10-24 12:02:49   219.133.141.63

    我们不可以看吗?
     
     annie  2009-10-24 00:41:56   218.1.244.7

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