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5月
1 2010
 

Chapter3(已更正复习3)


   作者:张丽敏 发表时间-20 :20:39  阅读( 728 )| 评论( 5 )

Chapter 3   


1.   spread the wings  2.  go abroad   3.  a good place to live in


4.   provide sb. with sth.  /offer sth to sb   5.  for example


6.    go sightseeing 7.   produce/release/give out harmful gases harmful gases


8.    communicate with one another   9.    be in danger


10.fighters against pollution        11.  make sb. do sth.   12.die out


13.be based on                    14.all year round      15.give birth to


16. keep … alive                   17. in a way 
18.exist = live.  19.gentle =kind  20.found = start 
21. deliver = send  22.mend = repair / fix
23.Everywhere = here and there  到处


24.mind doing sth.介意做某事
 


二、词组(短语)


1. amusement park      游乐园               human being=person  人;人类


2. all year round      全年 ( = all the year = the whole year )


3. be based on = come / be from  以······为基础  


4. on earth            在地球上             long ago             很久以前


5. be friendly / kind to      对……友好   


6. think about         考虑                 go for a walk        散步


5. write…down         写下                 look…up             查阅;抬头看


6. learn sth. from…   从……学到           more than = over     超过 


7. be famous for =be well-known for        因……而出名


8. at the same time    同时                 at night = in the night  在晚上


9. die out             灭绝   The tiger in this country died out many years ago.


   die of              死于...内因  (多指因某种疾病或饥饿等原因致死)


   die from            死于...外因  (多指因负伤、工作过度或交通事故等原因致死)


   Her father died of cancer one year ago.      She died from overwork.


10. at the end of ...    在...末尾/尽头       at the top of      在...顶部


 


三、知识(句型)结构:


1.pay attention to ( doing sth.)   注意;留意(做某事)


2.a number of = a lot of = some    许多;大量的         


3. The number of + n.(pl.) + 谓语动词(单数)    ……的数量   例:


   The number of the students in our school is over 2000. ( number作主语)


4. sb. spend st. doing sth. = It takes sb. st. to do sth. 某人花时间去做某事


   Tom spent half an hour playing basketball yesterday.


  = It took Tom half an hour to play basketball yesterday.


5. see sb. doing sth.  看见某人正在做某事   see sb. do sth. 看见某人做了某事


I saw Jim singing in the room just now.刚才我看见吉姆正在房间里唱歌.(动作正进行)


   I saw the children play games on the playground this afternoon.


   今天下午我在操场看了小孩玩游戏。 (指整个过程)(动作已结束)


6. use sth. to do sth. = do sth. with sth.  用某物去做某事


   The man uses his feet to write words. = The man writes words with his feet.


7. help sb. with sth. 在某方面帮助某人    help sb. (to) do sth.帮助某人做某事  


8. a week later = after a week  一个星期之后 ( 时间段 + later = after + 时间段)


   two mouths later = after two mouths 两个月后


9. buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb.  买某物给某人


    My father bought me a new bike yesterday.


   =My father bought a new bike to me yesterday


10. Nobody knows the reason. 没人知道为什么。


(不定代词 (something anything everything nothing; somebody anybody everybody


nobody; someone anyone 等)作主语,谓语动词用单数)


   Everyone in our class likes English.   Everything is ready for us.


11. as small as 与……一样小     as  + adj./adv.(原级) + as  与……一样……


12. 在英语句子中,有一部分副词( 像 also, all, often, always, never, usually等)在


句子中的位置: 通常放在be动词、情态动词、助动词(don’t/ doesn’t/didn’t)的


后面,行为动词的前面:


Kate often goes to school by bus.  Kate doesn’t often go to school on foot.


She can also speak Chinese.    They are all from England.


13. give birth to = have      生育;分娩     


14. consist of = include      由...组成;包含有...


15. pay sb. = give money to sb.付款给某人


16. A lend sth. to B = B borrow sth. from A. A 借给B 某物= B向A借进某物。


    Tom lent the bike to Kate. = Kate borrowed the bike from Tom.


17. leave for sp.= go to sp.前往某地.


  Mr Green will leave for France next week.=Mr Green will go to France next week.


18.  fly to sp. = go to sp. by plane/air飞往某地(乘飞机去某地)


The Greens will fly to London next month.


= The Greens will go to London by plane / air next month.


 


四、同义句:


1. Dinosaurs existed long before human beings.


  = Dinosaurs lived long before people/persons.
2.  He is as tall as his brother. = He has the same height as his brother.


3.  Micky Mouse was based on a real mouse.


  = Micky Mouse came/was from a real mouse.


4.  After leaving school, he sold newspapers and delivered mail.


  = After he left school, he sold newspapers and sent mail.


5.  A basketball team includes twelve players.


  =A basketball team consists of twelve players.


6.  You should pay him for his work. =You should give money to him for his work.


7.  The woman had a baby yesterday. =The woman gave birth to a baby yesterday.


8.  Two days later, Mr Green finished the work.


  = After two days, Mr Green finished the work.


9. The Greens will fly to London next month.


  = The Greens will go to London by plane / air next month.


 


五、名词的数


名词可分为可数名词与不可数名词两类。可数名词有单数、复数两种形式。


  可数名词:


  可数名词复数形式的规则变化:


1. 一般情况下在名词的词尾加s,如:book books,pencil  pencils.


2. 以-s,-x,-ch,-sh结尾的名词加-es,如:


bus buses,box boxes,watch watches,dish dishes等。


3. 以“辅音字母 + y” 结尾的名词,把y改为i再加es, 如:


factory  factories,company companies, story  stories等。


4. 以-f或-fe结尾的名词,通常将f/ fe 改为v再加es:如:


thief thieves,wife wives,half halves, knife  knives等。


5. 以-o结尾的名词:


  (1)以 –o 结尾的名词,所指事物是有生命的,在其后加-es:如:


hero(英雄) heroes,potato() potatoes,tomato tomatoes negro---negroes等。


(2)以 –o 结尾的名词,所指事物是没有生命的,在其后加-s,  如:


photo(相片) photos,  radio(收音机) radios    piano (钢琴)  pianos等。
(3)以oo结尾的名词,在其后加-s,如:zoos(动物园) , bamboos(竹子)等


6. 以-man或-woman结尾的复合名词,其复数形式将-man或 woman改为-men或-women.例:


policeman policemen   Englishwoman  Englishwomen  Frenchman  Frenchmen


备注:以-man或-woman结尾的不是复合名词,其复数形式直接在其后加-s,例:


German(德国人) Germans;  human(人,人类)  humans


说明:man和woman用作定语时,也有单复变化,例:


A woman teacher (一个女老师)   two women teachers(两个女教师)


A man doctor    (一个男医生)   three men doctors (三个男医生)


7.有的名词将-oo变为-ee,例:


foot(脚) feet;  tooth(牙齿) teeth;  goose(鹅) geese


8.单复数同形:sheep(绵羊)  deer(鹿)  people  Japanese(日本人)  Chinese(中国人)


  


  不规则名词的复数形式:  child  children;  mouse mice;      


 


  * 名词复数后缀-s/ -es的读音规则(顺口溜):


   清[ s ] 浊[ z ]元音后面也发[ z ]; [ s ][ z ][   ][   ][   ](后面发)[ iz ]
  备注:“ 清”指清辅音   “ 浊”指浊辅音


 


    不可数名词
1. 物质名词(表示无法分为个体的物质)和抽象名词(表示动作、状态、品质或其他抽象


概念)多为不可数名词。通常指:液体、气体、肉类、油类、粉末类、颗粒状、细小棱乱物等,如: Milk(牛奶),soup(汤),water(水);air(气体) ; meat(肉),pork(猪肉); sand(沙)


rice(大米);  grass(草)   hair(头发) 等。


2. 不可数名词一般没有复数形式(),通常也不可以用不定冠词和数词直接修饰.


3. 不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式.例:但是,当不可数名词前面表示量的名词是复数时,谓语动词要用复数形式.例:


4. 如果要确切表示不可数名词的数量,可以用“数词+表示数量的名词+不可数名词”的结构, 例:


    a piece of paper         a piece of wood              a piece of bread


    a bottle of orange       a glass of water(milk)     a cup of tea


a cup of tea             a bag of rice               


如果要表示“两杯茶”、“四张纸”这类概念时,在容器(表示数量的名词)后加复数,例如:


four pieces of paper  (四张纸)         five pieces of advice  (五条建议)


three bags of rice    (三袋大米)       three bottles of milk  (三瓶牛奶)


two cups of tea       (两杯茶)         four glasses of water  (四杯水)


five tins of beer     (五听啤酒)       three pieces of news   (三则新闻)


  


   另外,不可数名词还可用much, a little, a lot of/lots of, some, any等表示多少,例如:


      The rich man has a lot of money.       There is some milk in the bottle.


      Is there any water in the glass?


      I don't like winter because there's too much snow and ice.


 


   Some 与 any 的用法:


   Someany都是不定代词,表示“一些”的意思。它们既可以修饰可数名词( some / any apples),也可修饰不可数名词( some / any water ),不同的是:some 一般用肯定句中,any 一般用于疑问句和否定句中,例:


   Some boys are playing basketball on the playground.


   I don't need any money.     Is there any water in the bottle?


   Someany 可修饰单数可数名词,此时some表示“某一个”的含义;而any 表示“任何一个”的含义。例:


   Some boy broke a window.


   Any student can answer this question.


   在表示委婉征求对方意见(通常含有情态动词)希望得到对方肯定回答时的问句中也可用。例:


  Can you lend me some money?         May I ask you some questions?


【中考演练】


一、单项填空


1.─ Where have you been, Tim?     ─ I've been to ______.


   A. the Henry house   B. the Henry family  C. The Henry's home  D. Henry's


2.In England,if___is in the middle of the day,the evening meal is called supper.


   A. food              B. lunch             C. breakfast         D. dinner


3.You looked for it twice, but you haven't found it. Why not try ____ .


   A. three times       B. a third time      C. the third time    D. once


4.─ They are thirsty. Will you please give them ______ ?       ─ Certainly.


   A. some bottles of waters                 B. some bottles of water


   C. some bottle of water                   D. some bottle of waters


5.Mike hurt one of his ______ in the accident yesterday.


   A. tooth             B. feet              C. hand              D. ear


6.There is some _______ on the plate.


   A. cakes             B. meat              C. potato            D. pears


7.In England, the last name is the _______ .


   A. family name       B. middle            C. given name        D. full name


8.The _______are going to fly to Beijing.


   A. Germen            B. Germany           C. Germanys          D. Germans


9.The______ has two _______ .


   A. boys; watches     B. boy; watch        C. boy; watches      D. boys; watch


10.The little baby has two _______ already.


   A. tooth             B. tooths            C. teeth             D. teeths


11.What's your _______ for being late again?


   A. idea              B. key               C. excuse            D. news


12.─ It's dangerous here. We'd better go out quickly.


    ─ But I think we should let _______ go out first.


   A. woman and children                     B. women and child


   C. woman and child                        D. women and children


13.─ You can see Mr. Smith if there is a sign “_______”on the door of his shop.


   ─ Thanks.


   A.ENTRANCE           B.BUSINESS HOURS     C.THIS SIDE UP       D.NO SMOKING


14.Are they going to have a picnic on _______ ?


   A. Children's Day    B. Childrens's Day   C. Childrens Day    D. Children Day


15.Where are the students? Are they in _______ ?


   A. the Room 406      B. Room 406          C. the 406 Room     D. 406 Room


16. A: How much tea do you need, Ms Zhang?    B:          .


   A. Two cups tea      B. Two cups of tea   C. Two cups of teas


17. A: Here         some letters for you.     B: Thank you very much.


   A. have              B. are               C. is


 


Some 与 any 的用法专练:


1. There is        water in the bottle.


2. Kate, do you have         information about it?


3.         of my books are very interesting.


4. There are not        sheep on this farm.


5. It's very easy. I think        child can do it.


6. Would you like        tea?


7. Do you know        of the people?


8. Would you like        milk?


9. He runs faster than        other student in his class.


10. Please ask        boy to come here.


 


   die out / die of / die from 用法专练:


1. My uncle        hearted disease(心脏病)


   A. died out             B. died of            C. died from


2. He        a traffic accident.


   A. died out             B. died of            C. died from


3. This kind of animal        many years ago.


   A. died out             B. died of            C. died from


4. She had no money to buy food. At last, she        hungry.


   A. died out             B. died of            C. died from


5. We can't see dinosaurs because they          many years ago.


   A. died out             B. died of            C. died from


6. The little tiger         starvation(饥饿)in the snow.


   A. died out             B. died of            C. died from


7. The policeman         overwork.


   A. died out             B. died of            C. died from


 


阅读理解:


Kate left school when she was seventeen years old and went to look for work. She was still living with her parents.


A lot of factories needed workers, so it was not hard to find an interesting job. Kate went to several factories and then chose(选择) one of them. It was near her home. She decided to go to work on foot.


The next morning, she went to the factory again and said to the manager, “I want to work here, but how much will you give me?”


“Will pay for 27 pounds(英磅) now.” the manager answered, “and 30 pounds after three months.”


Kate thought for a few seconds before she answered. The she said, “All right, then I’ll start in three months.”


1、When did Kate begin to look for work?


A.  When she was at school               B. When she was seventeen.


C.  When she left her parents’ house.   D. When she was eighteen.


2、It was _____for Kate to find a job.


A.  easy             B. not easy         C. late            D. later


3、How much did the manager want to pay her in the second month?


A.  27 pounds.       B. 30 pounds.       C. 54 pounds.      D. 60 pounds


4、Why did Kate want to start working three months later? Because ____.


A. Kate didn’t leave school


B. Kate had to look after her mother.


C. Kate wanted to get 30 pounds.


D. Kate went to school.


5、he factory was not _____from her home.


A.  far               B. near             C. far to      D. near to


 


 



 


上一篇文章:Chapter Two (复习 1 )    下一篇文章:Chapter 4(复习)

[相关文章分类——及时巩固]
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  • 评论

    非常感谢您的资料~~~看你一遍~~~都胜读十年书
     
     学生  2011-03-28 20:38:36   59.40.245.51

    老师,这是上学期的吧
    回复1:You are right!Thanks a lot .I have already changed it[张丽敏(zhangliming_011t)  2010-05-04 22:42:45]
     
     学生  2010-05-04 20:22:36   113.87.69.157

    张老师的教研博客有助学生学习,我们诚表谢意!
    回复1:您过奖了!我只是希望它能成为学生的无声教师,帮助他们学习![张丽敏(zhangliming_011t)  2010-05-04 22:47:22]
     
     家长  2010-05-04 11:24:20   210.39.1.8

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