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3月
26 2008
 

learning(2)


   作者:张丽敏 发表时间-19 :19:37  阅读( 727 )| 评论( 0 )


Chapter One(Memory)
1.memory(n.)记忆力                memorize(v.)记住
John has a good memory.He can memorize the whole text. 

2.get old=become old 变老
When you get old, you start to lose your memory.

3.go wrong = make a mistake   出错
The clock went wrong.

Do your homework carefully .Don''t go wrong any more.

4.however=but  然而
It''s raining hard. However, I think we should go out.

5.elderly people=old people 上年纪的人
We should try our best to help elderly people


6.be essential for = be very important for 对……极其重要
Memory is essential for life.


7.be angry wlth sb. 对某人生气
I said something wrong. So Mum was angry with me.

8.have teouble (in) doing...  做……有困难
I have trouble in learning maths.

9.improve(v.)=make better 提高;改善     improvement(n.)
I want to improve my oral English.

10.in one''s mind 在某人的心中
Mary has someting unhappy in her mind.


11.be connected with 与……相关
Memory is connected with our feelings.

12.something dramatic 戏剧性的事
When something dramatic happens,we remember it well.

13.hear about   听说
Have you ever heard about the life of the famous film star?

14.excuse(n./v.)  借口
You are late again. What is your excuse this time?
Excuse me,where is the nearset bus stop,please?

15.apology(n.)     make an apology to sb. for sth.  道歉
     apologize(v.)     apologize to sb.for sth.    道歉

16.suffer   经受;因……而受苦
She often suffers from headache.

17.help sb with sth.幫助某人做某事
My dad often helps with my study.

18.amazing=surprising   令人惊讶的
     amazed=suprised   惊讶的
We all were amazed at the amazing news.

19.agree to do sth.  同意做某事
     agree with sb.   同意某人
They all agreed to write short articles on memory.
I am sorry.I can''t agree with you.
20.remember to do = not forget to do 记得要做……
remember doing  =not forget doing 记得做过……
Please remember to post my letter.
=Don''t forget to post my letter.
I remember closing the window last night.



II.   Key words and expressions(chapter 2)


1.     crime (n.)      


      It''s a crime to waste food. 


2.     finish   (n.)       = ending


      The finish of the story is exciting.


   finish   v.        =complete    


      Have you finished  doing your homework?   


3.     come across给人以…印象;偶遇


      His words didn’t come across.   他的话并没有给人留下多少印象。


      I came across an old friend. 


4.     speech (n.)         


      He speaks not too much, but his speech is amazing.。


5.     thought (n.)           thoughtful  (adj.)


      The book is full of thought.    这本书富有哲理。


      This is a very thoughtful book.


6.     text                剧本,


      Read the text after the teacher.  跟着老师读课文。


7.     scene = scenery  布景,场面


      scenery                景色,风景


      Scenery can make the strip come to life. 布景能使漫画栩栩如生。


      I like the mountain scenery.     我喜欢山景。


8.     come to life         变得活跃;显得逼真


      He comes to life with his friends.    他和他朋友一起很活跃。


9.     differ from = be different from     


           His opinion differs from mine.    


10.  free (adj.)     &(v)He freed himself from the rope,and escaped.    Are you free tomorrow?    


      The books are free for us to read.   


11.  frightened = scared


frightening = scaring


      We are all frightened while we are seeing the frightening film.


      12.  pale = rather white    


      You look rather pale.    


13.  be worried about = worry about  


      Are you worried about the accident?   Don’t worry about it.


14.  expression (n.)            express(v.) 


      Can you express your expression clearly?    


15.  straight (adj.)&(adv.) Walk straight along the street.


      Draw a straight line on the paper.


16.  in trouble      / get into trouble


      If you are in trouble, the teacher will help you.


    Does he get into trouble in the school?


17.  the first thing to do


      The first thing to do is to think of a plot.


I have an important meeting to attend


He has no room to live in. 


18.  keep sth. +adj.  


      Keep the classroom clean.


Keep the reders interested    


19.  make sb./sth +adj. 


      She often makes me happy.   


20.  instead of doing 代替; 而不是


      Instead of playing outside, he is doing his homework.


21.  in my opinion, …= I think that…   =In my view


      In my opinion, it is a good idea. = I think that it is a good idea.


22.  be made into …..


      The pieces of paper are made into a nice boat.


23.  感观动词 sound, seem, look, smell, feel, taste +adj.


      This idea sounds sensible.


      The cake tastes good.


      hear, see, watch, feel, notice +doing/do


           We often hear her sing in the next room.


           We hear her singing in the next room now.


           24.  make an appeal 呼吁,声称


      Mrs. Li makes an appeal that she will give a gift to the winner.


      25.  sb. called/named … 被叫做…


      The boy named Tom saved their lives.


II.  Sentence Structures


26.  would like to do…=feel like doing          


      would … mind doing  介意…


      Would you like to have another cup of coffee?


      =Do you feel like having another cup of coffee?


      =Would you mind having another cup of coffee?


27.       How do you like…=what do you think about…样?


      How do you like this picture?


      =What do you think about the picture?
Reciting(phrases)
1. get on/off(the bus) 上/下车

  get up 起床


  get ready for 为...作准备


  get oneself dressed 自己穿衣服

  get in 进入,收集


  get sb.sth. =get sth.for sb. 为某人买某物


  get on well with sb/sth. 与某人相处很好,...进展顺利


  2. have an accident 出事故

  have a good time =enjoy oneself 玩得很高兴


  have a cold wet day 天气又冷又湿


  have a cough 咳嗽

  have a drink(of)... 喝一杯...


  have a talk 听报告


  have lunch 吃午饭


  have...for lunch 午饭吃...


  have a meeting 开会


  have no idea 不知道


  have a rest 休息一下


  3. make a mistake 犯错误


  mistake A for B 把A错认为B


  take sth. by mistake 错拿某物


  4. make friends with 与...交朋友


  make faces 做鬼脸


  make a fire 生火


  make an excuse 找籍口


  make a...sound 发...音


  make tea 沏茶


  make room for... 为...找出空间


  make it 如期赴约


  make a team 组成一个队


  Let’s make it half past one. 注意:时间前不用介词at


  5. turn sth. on/off 打开/关掉...


  turn sth. up/down 把...音量开大/小


  注意:当sth 是代词时,常放中间


  6. try sth. on 试穿(衣、鞋、帽)


  注意:当 sth 为it或them, 常放中间try out 试验、尝试


  try one’s best to do sth. 尽力干某事=do one’s best to do sth.


  7. send sb. away 开除、解雇某人


  send for sb. 派人去请某人


  send up 发射


  8. hear from sb 收到...的来信


  hear of 听说


  9. hurry off 匆匆离去,赶快去


  hurry up 赶快


  10. get to +名词


  get +副词(不用to)


  reach+名词/副词


  arrive in/at +大/小地点 (后接副词,不用at/in)


  eg. get to Shanghai、reach Shanghai 、arrive in Shanghai到达上海


  eg. reach home、get home、arrive home 到家


  11. teach sb. English 教某人英语

  teach oneself=learn sth.by oneself 自学


  12.到...末为止 by the end of +过去时间 (用于过去完成时)


  by the end of +将来时间 (用于一般将来时)


  at the end of+地点 在...尽头


  in the end= at last 最后,终于


  13. hundreds of 成百上千


  thousands of 成千上万的


  millions of 成百万的


  14. be pleased to do sth 很高兴地干某事


  be pleased with sth. 为某事而高兴


  15. be used for 被用来


  be used as 被当作


  be used by 被...所使用


  16. so far 到目前为止, 用于现在完成时


  17. on a Tuesday morning 一个星期二的早上


  on the morning of June 15th.1998 在1998年6月15日早上


  18. keep sb.doing sth. 让某人一直干某事


  keep doing sth. 继续做某事


  keep on doing sth. 持续不断地做某事

  19. much too+形容词/副词原级 实在太...


  too much+不可数名词 相当多的...


  eg. It’s _______ expensive. I can’t buy it.


  There’s ___________ rain this year.


  20. thanks to...由于,多亏


  thanks to one’s help=because of one’s help 由于某人的帮忙


  thanks for one’s help 谢谢某人的帮助


  21. be far away from+a place/sb 远离某地


  22. wear out 穿坏、穿旧、用尽 常用于被动语态。其P.P为worn


  sell out 售完 卖完


  23. two-month holiday=two months’ holiday 二个月的假期


  24. fall asleep 入睡(进入状态)


  get to sleep 入睡(还没睡着)


  25. stop sb.from doing sth. 阻止某人干某事


  eg. She stopped the child from listening.


  stop doing sth. 停止干某事,不再干某事


  stop to do sth. 停止下来干另一件事。


  26. hardly any +n. 几乎没有...


  27. quite a/an+形容词+名词 一个相当...


  eg. Two months is quite a long time.


  a very +形容词+名词


  eg. English is a very useful language.


  28. be afraid of+名词 害怕...


  be afraid to+动词 担心、害怕...


  be afraid that+从句 恐怕...


  29. so+形容词 so strong so beautiful


  such+形容词+名词(复数或不可数)


  such beautiful pictures such nice smell


  such + a/an+形容词+名词(单数)


  such an interesting story


  30. feel like doing 想干某事


  31. be made/grown/produced


  三个词的被动语态都可解释为“生产”


  归类: 机器一类→make(制造)


  盐.糖.丝绸→produce (经机器加工生产)


  农作物、水果→grow (人工种出来的)


  32. finish doing sth. 做完某事


  be busy doing sth. 忙于干某事


  go on doing sth. 继续干某事


  be always doing 老是干某事


  33. hope to do sth. 希望干某事


  ...hope that...希望某人干某事,不可用hope sb.to do sth.


  34. in surprise 惊奇地(作状语)


  be surprised at sb. 对某人的举动感到诧异


  be surprised to do sth. 对做某事感到惊讶


  35. no space(room) to stand in 没有站的地方、空间


  36. be angry with sb. 生某人的气


  agree with sb. 同意某人的观点


  with one’s help 在某人的帮助下



 


 


 


 


Translate the phrases into English 结果做了某事
1 宁愿做某事
2 请求某人做某人
3.很高兴做某事


4.来某地做某事


5.迫不及待地做某事


6.决定做某事


7.尽全力做某事


8.对...无能为力


9.值得干某事


10.足以做某事


11.鼓励某人做某事


12.发现做某事


13.忘记做某事


14.准备做某事


15.继续做某事


16.希望做某事


17.改善/提高某物来干某事


18.邀请某人干某事


19.某人花了多少时间做某事


20.做某事


21.干某事比较好


22.喜欢做某事


23.喜欢某人做某事


24.爱做某事


25.学会做某事


26.下决心做某事


27.列出干某事的五种方式的清单


28.需要做某事


29.答应做某事


30.计划干某事


30.喜欢做   不喜欢做


31.拒绝干某事


32.记得要去做某事


33.目的作某事
34.停下来去做另一件事


35.开始做某事


36.似乎要做某事


37.一心要做某事


38.告诉某人做某事


39.太……以至于……


40.努力去做某事


41.设法做了某事
42.没时间做某事


43.教某人做某事


44.过去常常干某事


45.希望某人做某事


46.很愿意做某事


47.想让某人做某事


48.想做某事



49.观看某人正在做某事


50.停止做某事


51.记得已做过某事


52.试着去做某事


53.喜欢做某事


54.忘记已做过某事


55.继续做某事


56.忙于做某事


57.某事值得一做


58.继续做某事


59.忍不住做某事


60.喜欢做某事


61.建议做某事
62.完成某事


63.想做某事


64.成功做某事


65.放弃做某事


66.抓住某人做某事
67.做某事遇到了很多问题


68 听见某人正在做某事


69.不喜欢做某事


70做某事怎么样


71.持续做某事


72.介意做某事


73.习惯做某事


74.为做某事做贡献


75.阻止某人干某事


76.练习做某事


77.喜欢做……不喜欢做……


78.阻止某人做某事


79.看见某人正在干某事


80.某地有人某人或某物正在做某事


81.谢谢某人做了某事


82.积极参加某事


83.用某物做某事


84做某事怎么样?


85.意味做了某事


86.工作整晚做某事


87.听见某人做过某事


88.观看某人做了某事


89.感觉某人做了某事


90.使得某人做了某事


91.最好做(不做)某事
92。想要作某事
93。盼望作某事
94。某物需要做某事
95。梦想做某事
96。感谢某人做了某事
97。允许做某事


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